Cleaning and Caring Jewelry

Get a jewelry box and/or wrap each piece of jewelry with paper, velvet or silk. The harder stones like diamonds could scratch your pearls or other jewelry and that could happen if you “throw” your jewelry all in the same place. Keep everything from touching each other, even from itself.

If you have jewelry and it came in a box and wrapping keep it. Put the jewelry back in the box when your not wearing it.

To check for loose stones place the piece next to your ear and tap gently with your finger. Something might be loose if you hear any movement from the piece. You should check for this on a regular basis, more if you wear the piece regularly.

Pearls should be restrung every couple of years. If you clean them use a mild soapy water. Rinse them well after.

You should have your fine jewelry looked and possibly cleaned by a professional once a year.

Before cleaning jewelry make sure the stones are not loose. When cleaning you don’t want them coming out.

To loosen dirt around the prongs you can use a soft brush with the hard gemstones. Using toothpaste is not a good idea because it is an abrasive and can damage some soft gems and metals.

Don’t take silver jewelry into the pool or any other water. The chlorine in the water will discolor your silver.

Ultrasonic cleaners are not recommended as the vibrations they make can enlarge inclusions and make them more noticeable.

To help prevent damage to your jewelry, don’t put them on until you have your makeup, hairspray, perfume or anything else on. The stuff that is in these products could harm your jewelry. Put bracelets on your opposite hand if your right or left handed. Less wear may occur because it’s not the main hand used.

If shipping your jewelry to be cleaned or repaired use a shipper that has tracking and get it insured.

Turquoise should be put in warm water and you should use a soft toothbrush on it. It should then be washed off with warm water and let it air-dry. Coming in contact with cleaning solutions like ammonia can discolor or damage it.

Silver can be rinsed in warm water and pat it dry. You can use silver cleaner but don’t use an abrasive cleaner or a toothbrush as it can scratch it.

Pricing for cleaning will vary by type of jewelry and the place you take it too. If you recently bought jewelry from a store they might clean and inspect it for free on an annual basis or something like that. They can also give you a repair quote for any repairs needed. Before getting it repaired or professionally cleaned, document and take pictures of your jewelry before. Just so you have proof if the jewelry should be chipped, damaged or has some other problem with it.

Info of Pearl Treatments

There are some treatments to take note of on cultured pearls that will change the aesthetic qualities of the pearl.

After harvesting cleaning and polishing a low-quality cultured pearl if the pearl still does not have a good luster or color, the farmer has very few options. If the pearls is a good candidate for treatment, this is the most common and economically sensible thing for the farmer to do. There are three main treatments are used on low-quality pearls.

Dyeing- The use of silver nitrate to darken the nacre of the pearl. Irradiation- The use of gamma rays to darken the nucleus of the pearl in akoya pearls and the nacre layers in freshwater pearls. Luster treatments- A coating is placed on the surface of the pearl to enhance the luster.

Silver nitrate has been used for decades to darken the appearance of the peal. The chemical penetrates the layer of nacre and has a chemical reaction with light or hydrogen sulfides gas to organic or inorganic dyes to produce another color variation. This treatment is very popular in treating fresh water pearls. Sometimes the farmer will want to create other colors then black the farmer in this case can use organic or inorganic dyes to make the color variations. Akoya pearls are also routinely “pinked” this is done when they would like to make a more rose overtone.

Irradiation has a different effect on freshwater to saltwater and cultured pearls. Gamma rays do not affect the nacre layers of a saltwater cultured pearl, but will darken the nucleus of the pearl. Saltwater pearls that are irradiated will be gray to blue. Freshwater irradiated pearls can become very dark, some of these freshwater treated pearls may also have an intense metallic sheen over their surface.

Coating a pearls to enhance its luster is not widely practiced and is frowned upon. The coating is like putting clear nail polish. The coating may eventually chip or peel, leaving a low-luster pearl this is a treatment to watch for.

Luster treatments are very hard to find. The most basic way to find the luster treatment is to compare an untreated strand with the strand that you think has been treated. You can put the strand under 50x magnification. The untreated pearl will have a scaly nacre surface and the coated pearl will have a smooth, glass like surface.

About Sapphire

Sapphires are mainly found in Sri Lanka, India and Burma. Indian sapphires come from Kashmir. They are cornflower blue in color and are regarded as the finest blue sapphires. Sri Lankan sapphires are the most common and are typically light to medium blue in color. The majority of fancy-colored sapphires available in the jewelry industry are from Sri Lanka. The most common of these fancy sapphires are yellow, or golden, and pink in color. The pinkish orange ones are the rarest and most expensive.

Sapphires are also found in Thailand and Australia, and they are dark blue in color. The gems obtained from these two countries generally belong to the category of the inexpensive to average priced range of sapphire gems in the jewelry market. Montana is the only important source of sapphires in the United States. The sapphire produced is of an attractive metallic blue in color. China, Kenya, Tanzania and Nigeria have recently also become sources of sapphires.

Most of the sapphire gems being sold today have had their color enhanced, most commonly by heating. The purpose of heat treatment is to enrich the color and improve the stone’s clarity. With this method of treatment, colorless or paled-colored stones can be turned into brilliant blue or yellow ones. Depending on the original material and the type of heating process, heat treatments of gemstones can produce a variety of results. For example, sapphires that have rutile (titanium dioxide) crystals can be treated by heating and then being cooled rapidly. This would result in the rutile crystals dissolving into the corundum and the gemstone becomes clearer. Colorless or pale-colored stones after undergoing heating without the presence of oxygen would turn to rich blue color. However, if these stones are being heated in the presence of oxygen, they would turn into intense yellow color. Most yellow sapphires have been treated in this manner.

Sapphires have been of great significance to past societies. For example, the Mystical Jews considered the blue gemstones as a secret message from the beyond. The Persians believed that the world is resting on a giant sapphire and the sky is a reflection of the color of the stone. In Europe, during the Middle Ages, sapphires were believed to be an antidote against poisons. Although sapphires occur in a wide variety of colors, traditionally blue has been the most popular and valuable. The blue sapphire gem was widely used in jewelry of royalty and was considered the most appropriate stone for ecclesiastical rings. It is known to be the bestower of truth and good health.

Gemstones are considered beautiful, rare and durable. The beauty of a gemstone is undiminished with time. A gemstone could sparkle as brightly many years from now. It has lasting value and is well liked by many. Hence, beautiful pieces of gemstone jewelry are created and widely used for personal adornment as well as gifts for friends and loved ones. Presenting these beautiful items as gifts is always well loved and cherished.

Sapphire is the birthstone for the month of September. As such, a piece of jewelry with this gemstone makes a perfect elegant birthday present for those who were born in that month. Sapphire is also the anniversary stone for the 5th and 45th year. A piece of jewelry with this gemstone can also be a great anniversary present in these years. You will be amazed how this beautiful gemstone can be made into different jewelry items such as rings, bracelets, earrings, necklaces, brooches and pendants. With such a wide variety of items, you will never experience any shortage of gift ideas.

Red Ruby Jewelry

Just what are the special properties, of the Ruby as a birthstone? Fire for one. Emotion is another. The Sapphire Ruby is not just the birthstone for July though. It’s also the wedding anniversary gem for the 15th and 40th years of marriage between a man and a woman.

If you’ve ever looked a Ruby close up it appears to have a kind of fiery luminosity which is said to come from the stones eternal flame. It is for this reason that the ruby is considered as a symbol of everlasting love. When worn on the left hand it reported to have amazing powers and shall bring the wearer good fortune. Many folks also go for the ruby as their stone of choice when buying an engagement ring. The actual word ‘ruby’ derives from the Latin word ‘ruber’ which simply translates as ‘red’, and this stunning stone can be found in a range of reds.

Ruby mining has a very long recorded history which dates back more than 2,500 years according to the ancient scripts. The Ruby is also known as the Lord of the gems by the ancient Hindus and is recorded as one of the most highly prized gemstones throughout the history of time. The desirable gem can be found in the following locations throughout the world: Afghanistan; Australia; Burma; Cambodia; India; Kenya; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Tanzania; Tanzania; Thailand; and the United States of America.

Another quality of the Ruby gemstone is its durability which is only surpassed by diamond. Superstition has it that those viewing a ruby should do so with respect, and equally, if you own a ruby it should be worn and not locked away, otherwise it could lose its fiery glow, passion, and special powers.

There are many legends and superstitions regarding these beautiful stones but I hope this short article has given you a little more insight and respect for one of natures finer gems.

Unique Pearl Necklace

What kind of pearl necklaces are there? There are two types that come to mind. Firstly, you can have a necklace with one or more strings of pearls, white or colored. But have you stopped to think what beauty you can find in a different kind of pearl necklace, a necklace that will make it a unique pearl necklace?

Let’s take a look at what makes a pearl necklace unique and different. Imagine yourself wearing a beautiful necklace made from a combination of gemstones and pearls. Gemstones come in a wide array of choices – types of stones, colors and shapes. Team gemstones together with pearls into a necklace and the variety is immense. There is always a unique pearl necklace to suit your personal taste and the outfit you want to wear.

Unique pearl necklaces have the added advantage of being useful to team together with many different colors and styles of outfits and can be used also for either a formal or casual look. This makes them a very versatile piece of jewelry because you don’t have to keep your pearls just for a special occasion but makes them very practical for casual wear as well.

Let’s take a look at a few examples. Imagine natural shaped turquoise alternated with white pearls and fine beads. Another combination would be a blend of stones like baroque pearl, aquamarine, amethyst and rose quartz, giving a beautiful blend of colors in the cool shades. Black baroque pearl with India agate is a good choice to serve as an all round “go with anything” necklace.

Glow Stick Necklaces

Glow stick necklaces are made by bending the glow stick tubes to get the desired shapes and structures. During this procedure, the stick breaks and hydrogen peroxide in the stick gets released and the chemical reaction begins. This chemical reaction emits electrons in the form of energy and produces light. China has put thrown its hat into this market and is the leading manufacturer of glow lights and glow stick necklaces.

Glow stick necklaces have a reputation and recognition in the market for their quality. They are frequently used during special events and parties. They are used by kids during concerts and other events. The glowing capacity of these necklaces is around 4-6 hrs. They are available in varied colors like red, yellow, green, blue, pink, white and orange. Glow stick necklaces are also used in sporting events. They are very useful during power failure. The glowing capacity is based on the size and temperature. Children under 5 are restricted from using it.

The glowing capacity depends on the composition and the quality used in it. Glow stick necklaces always make parties livelier. Displaying glow stick necklaces helps to raise a huge amount at a concert. Glowing neon necklaces have their own way of respect amidst other forms of jewelry. They can be considered as the best promotion items. In an event where kids are involved, one can sell glow stick necklaces and earn a big turnaround.

Glow stick necklaces have a shelf life of one to four years if the wrapper is not damaged. Shelf life is also based on the size and the type of product used. The quality products are wrapped tightly in airtight wrappers. The glow stick necklaces are sensitive to light and hence they should be kept in packages at room temperature to retain their glowing capacity.

Authenticating Diamonds

The majority of responses recommend getting multiple independent certificates and appraisals. Either two grading certificates, a grading certificate and a valuation certificate, two grading certificates AND a valuation certificate. The combinations go on.

If a retailer is offering you multiple independent certificates and / or valuations, accept them but always ensure that you know where they come from and that they are independent.

Now, you have multiple documents stating the characteristics of the diamond. But the question still stands! “How do I know that the diamond I am looking at is the same one revered to in the certificates?”

There are really only two ways to confirm that the diamond matches the certificate.

The first method is to compare the diamond (under magnification) to the plotting on the grading certificate. All internationally recognized grading certificates should have a plotting of the stone. The plotting shows the diamonds internal flaws and external blemishes.

This method though, can be difficult to the untrained eye, depending on the clarity of the diamond.

The second method is to ensure that the diamonds you are looking at are laser inscribed.

“Laser inscription is the use of a very fine, precise laser beam to write a grading report number or customised personal message on the girdle (outside perimeter) of a diamond. The laser inscription is totally invisible to the naked eye and can only be seen with a magnifying loupe. If done with a cold laser, it does not change the colour or clarity grade of a diamond and is considered permanent as it can only be removed by a professional diamond cutter.”
DCLA Laser inscription service description []

The permanent laser inscription enables you to check the authenticity of a diamond at any time. The inscription is usually easily visible under a 10x jewellers loupe.

The process for having a diamond laser inscribed further ensures this safeguard. Laboratories working to international standards will not simply inscribe any certificate number onto a diamond. The diamond must first pass a verification test to ensure that the grading certificate is authentic and the diamond matches the certificate. Only then will that certificate number be laser inscribed onto the diamond.

Info of Gemstones

Some gem stones are fairly rare, such as amazonite, which is a bright green variety of feldspar. Formerly it was obtained almost exclusively from Russia, but recently it was found in Colorado and Madagascar. Its limited occurrence makes it prized as a gem stone.

Citrin, also called citrin quartz, is an amber colored gem stone.
Aventurine is commonly a green gem stone, but can be orange, brown, yellow or grey. The rarest is red and highly prized as a gem stone.
Cordierite is a magnesium, iron and aluminum cyclosilicate, the transparent variety of which is iolite, which is used as a gem stone. The name, iolite, is derived from the Greek word for violet.

Lapis lazuli is a stone which has been classified as a gem stone. This deep blue gem stone dates back to the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

Jade is an interesting gem stone. The name is applied to two different silicate materials. It is a very tough material and was first used for axe heads, knives and weapons. It was only when other materials were found that could be used for these purposes that jade become a prized gem stone. Nephrite is either green or creamy in color, while jadeite comes in a variety of colors. In New Zealand, where nephrite jade is known as greenstone and not gem stone, the Maoris consider it a treasure. In traditional Maori designs, this gem stone is still widely used to make jewelry. Jade is the official gem stone of British Columbia. Many minerals are sold as jade. These can certainly be used as gem stones, but are not the real thing.

Turquoise is another gem and ornamental stone. The name is a very old word , probably derived from the French meaning Turkish stone, although turquoise was not found in Turkey, but was traded there. Iran and the Sinai Peninsula were sources of very fine turquoise. In the United States, the deposits were mined by pre-Columbian Native Americans. Nowadays there is some imitation turquoise, which is so good, that only an expert could tell the difference between the real stone and the fake!

About Horsehair Jewelry

Horsehair jewelry is made from hair collected from a horse’s mane and tail. Horsehair has a smooth texture and a soft luster. It comes in a variety of colors – black, white and subtle shades of brown. Strands of horsehair are woven into braids to form bracelets, necklaces, earrings and barrettes. The art of horsehair weaving dates back to the Victorian era. Braiding is done by hand, creating the most intricate of patterns. The popular styles include three-strand, French, square, half-round and round braids.

Horsehair jewelry is made prettier and more valuable by interweaving the braids with pearls, gems or beads made of gold and silver. Finally, gold or silver clasps are woven at the two ends of the braid to make wonderful bracelets and necklaces. Suitable pendants can also be woven into the necklaces. Bracelets made of horsehair are quite elastic and fit perfectly on wrists. Barrettes made of horsehair perfectly complement a woman’s hair. They can be chosen to match or contrast with any hair color. Horsehair jewelry is quite strong and long-lasting.

A bracelet can be made using a hundred strands of horsehair around 15 inches long. A necklace can also be crafted using a hundred strands, but they should be at least 26 inches long. The horsehair can be clipped in bunches from the mane or tail, and it doesn’t hurt the horse a bit.

Horsehair jewelry is a beautiful and tasteful embellishment, and can be a meaningful present for horse-lovers.

All about Diamond Color

Colored diamonds have color because of structural defects that cause the stone to absorb all but one color of the rainbow or in the case of black diamonds all the colors are absorbed. Because colored diamonds are rare and pretty they actually cost more than the clear diamonds, sometimes in excess of thousands of dollars for the same carat size.

Diamond colors are, colorless, white, yellow, steel, blue, orange, green, pink, brown, and black. Any diamond with a color is referred to as a colored diamond, but if the color is very chromatic it will be classified as a fancy colored diamond. The most common of the colored diamonds is yellow.

The commercial classification of colored diamonds uses an alphabet system. The range of colorless to white can be identified as a letter ranging from ‘D’ through ‘I’. A near colorless diamond may be identified as ‘J’ through ‘L’. A faint yellow diamond will be an ‘M.’ A light yellow diamond can be classified as one of the letters ‘N’ through ‘R’ and the yellow diamonds in a range from ‘S’ to ‘Z’. The other colors will all be classified as colored diamonds, for example a blue diamond is call a ‘colored blue diamond’ or if it’s very blue, ‘fancy colored blue diamond.’

On a side note a diamond can be colored on purpose with irradiation followed by heat treatment. There is a risk involved with being exposed to irradiated objects so it’s not a recommended process. Also the color may change over time. It is required that color treated diamonds are sold as colored treated and sellers can’t mislead the buyer.