Original Blue Gem

The most beautiful lapis lazuli comes from Afghanistan, where the mines which are worked today might well have been in operation to get the stones for the pharaohs. Lapis has also been found in the Andes, and to some extent in Russia, Angola, Burma, Canada and in California and Colorado in the USA, but no stone from these places is the vibrant intense blue of that from Afghanistan.

The ancient Egyptians favored lapis lazuli for amulets and the Assyrians and Babylonians used it for seals. Egyptian ladies used powdered lapis as eye shadow and the Romans thought it a powerful aphrodisiac. Artists using blue colors in Medieval Illuminated manuscripts and Renaissance paintings found the ultramarine tempera paint derived from lapis lazuli to be very expensive. When oil paint was introduced during the Renaissance, artists found that the beautiful blue was diminished when mixed with oil, so the use of ultramarine declined. Most artists today use synthetic versions of blue colors, but there are a few pigment companies that still produce the genuine ultramarine.

Lapis lazuli can polished to make beautiful jewelry, and can be carved into figurines, statuettes and vases. Near the Euphrates River in the lower regions of Iraq, the ancient Sumerian tombs yielded thousands of carved artifacts of lapis lazuli, and in parts of Afghanistan, artisan craftsmen are still using this beautiful stone.

Jewellery and Hallmarking

Hallmarking on the three main precious metals, platinum, gold and silver, is only mandatory when the finished item is over a certain weight. In the UK this is 0.5g for platinum, 1g for gold and 7.78g for silver. This means that all items under this weight need not be hallmarked, although they will usually carry some kind of mark declaring the quality i.e. a piece of sterling silver will often carry a ‘925’ mark made by the manufacturer to signify 92.5{c6d164b7174637905a72b4151c8042df200a1c3827dde76a0acae88ef4372677} silver content (the silver content required for sterling silver).

Indeed, although obviously silver is available in far larger quantities than either gold or platinum, which is reflected in the price, one of the other factors that helps to keep smaller items of silver jewellery so affordable is the lack of hallmarking – it costs money to have an item hallmarked by an Assay Office.

Although silver under 7.78g and gold under 1g may not need to be hallmarked, there are restrictions in place when selling such items. You cannot for instance sell and item as ‘silver’ unless it is actually silver of 92.5{c6d164b7174637905a72b4151c8042df200a1c3827dde76a0acae88ef4372677} purity or better. This in effect means that you should be perfectly safe buying any jewellery under the minimum hallmarking weights even if unhallmarked from any ‘legitimate’ retailer, be they online or in the high street. If the store in question declares an item of jewellery to be made from a certain material then it has to be made from it.

As for jewellery that is fully hallmarked, recognising the hallmark can be a little trickier now than in the past. Any jewellery hallmarked in the UK conforms to a set format declaring the Assay Office that the item was hallmarked at, date and quality of the jewellery i.e. a ‘925’ inside a set of scales for sterling silver jewellery. However, jewellery manufactured within the European Economic Area (EEA) often carries marks a little different from those found in the UK but which are still valid for jewellery sold in the UK.

Despite this much of the jewellery sold in the UK is manufactured in the Far East and if over the minimum weights, will require assaying and hallmarking when it reaches the UK. As stated though, even jewellery not hallmarked will usually carry a symbol stating fineness stamped on it by the manufacturer.

Diamond Certificates

There are dozens of gemological laboratories handing out certificates but only a few are respected by the diamond trade. Some well-known laboratories include the European Gemological Laboratories (EGL) and the Gemological Institute of America known as GIA

To better understand your certificates here are some commonly used terms

Stone ID: A Unique number representing your diamond. This number is registered in a global database.

Date: The date the report was issued.

Cut and Shape: Shapes other than the standard round brilliant are called fancy shapes or fancy cuts. Their names are based on their shapes. The best known are the heart, marquise, pear-shaped cut, emerald cut, princess cut, oval, and radiant.

Dimensions: The dimensions of the diamond are stated as “largest diameter – smallest diameter X depth” for round shapes and “length X width X depth” for other shapes.

Carat Weight: The standard unit of weight used for gemstones. One carat equals .200 grams (or 200 milligrams). Usually abbreviated ct.

Graining: Graining and grain lines reflect irregularities in the crystal structure. Colorless graining usually does not affect the clarity grade; but white, colored, or reflective graining does.

Proportions: Proportion refers to the angles and relative measurements of a polished diamond. More than any other feature, proportions determine a diamond’s optical properties. Studies have shown that table size, crown angle, and pavilion depth have a dramatic effect on a diamond’s appearance.

Depth{c6d164b7174637905a72b4151c8042df200a1c3827dde76a0acae88ef4372677}: The depth of the diamond divided by the average diameter for rounds, or the depth divided by the width of the diamond for other shapes.

Table{c6d164b7174637905a72b4151c8042df200a1c3827dde76a0acae88ef4372677}: The average size of the table facet divided by the average diameter of the diamond for round shapes, or the width of the diamond for other shapes.

Girdle: The girdle is the outside edge of the outline of the diamond. The certificate indicates the thickness of the girdle relative to the size of the diamond, and the condition either polished or faceted.

Culet: The point at the bottom of the diamond. If the culet is faceted then the certificate indicates the size of the facet relative to the size of the diamond.

Finish: Finish grades represent the quality of the diamond’s surface condition (polish), and the size, shape and placement of the facets, including the evenness of the outline (symmetry).

Polish: Indicates the care taken by the cutter in shaping and faceting the rough stone into a finished and polished diamond.

Symmetry: A diamond’s symmetry is the arrangement of the facets and finished angles, created by the diamond cutter. Excellent symmetry of a well-cut and well-proportioned diamond can have a great effect on the diamond’s brilliance and fire. Grading reports will often state the diamond’s symmetry in terms of Excellent, Very good, Good, Fair, or Poor.

Cut: The proportions and finish of the diamond. With the proper proportions, most of the light that enters a diamond is returned revealing the diamond’s brilliance and fire. Any deviation of these proportions will compromise the beauty of the stone.

Clarity: Clarity represents the relative absence of inclusions and blemishes in the diamond. Clarity is graded under 10X magnification from Flawless to Included based on the size, nature, position and quantity of the diamond’s inclusions.

Color: Assesses to an obvious yellow (Z) when compared to Master Color diamonds.

Pavillion: Depth The distance from the bottom of the girdle to the culet is the pavilion depth. A pavilion depth that is too shallow or too deep will allow light to escape from the side of the stone, or leak out of the bottom. A well-cut diamond will direct more light through the crown.

Tolkowsky Ideal Cut: In the 1920’s a Russian Mathematician by the name of Marcel Tolkowsky calculated the proportions of the facets in a round diamond that would bring an ideal balance between brilliance and dispersion. Any deviation from these designs will compromise the beauty of the stone.

Fluorescence: When exposed to ultraviolet light, a diamond may exhibit a more whitish, yellowish or bluish tint, which may imply that the diamond has a property called fluorescence. The untrained eye can rarely see the effects of fluorescence. Diamond grading reports often state whether a diamond has fluorescent properties. Fluorescence is not considered a grading factor, only a characteristic of that particular diamond.

Crown Height: The crown is the upper portion or the top of a diamond.

Diagram: A diagram approximates the shape and cutting style of the diamond. Symbols on the diagram include the type, nature, position and approximate size of a clarity characteristic.

Get Dreamy Jewelry

Whatever your thoughts and imagination, let’s look at some possibilities.

Picture yourself wearing just the right piece of jewelry for you – a necklace, bracelet or earrings that you look at and say “Wow! That has to be for me!”. There’s something in your heart that is drawn toward it and your eyes focus on the beauty of it. There’s a special appeal, maybe the creative design or a particular gemstone, pearl or crystal. You know how much you want that piece of jewelry and then, guess what! The inevitable question arises! “What am I going to wear with it?” It’s not a case of purchasing a piece of jewelry to go with an outfit anymore but the desire is so strong that the outfit has to go with the jewelry! Does that sound a familiar story?

Now let’s see what jewelry we can place under the category of ‘dreamy jewelry’.

Think about the possibility of having a genuine gemstone necklace, bracelet or earrings. Can you see yourself dreaming about owning genuine gemstones and feeling special because you know you are wearing genuine gemstone? I personally, have always felt drawn to genuine gemstones rather than a stone that I’m not sure even has a name, not to mention any value!

Some of the colors and types of gemstones are simply stunning. Here’s a few for you to ponder. Turquoise, rose quartz, agate, amethyst, garnet, jade. There are so many colors and shapes available.

Gemstones can be used in many combinations of both style and color, giving a unique appearance to your jewelry. Isn’t it nice to be able to view your jewelry as unique? Let’s face it, none of us want to walk down the street or into a shop and see every second person wearing the same necklace, do we?

Another possibility with ‘dreamy jewelry’ is to have pearls mixed with gemstones. With the vast array of pearl colors and shapes available, once again you can have a unique necklace, bracelet or earrings that is truly ‘dreamy’.

Info about Jewelry for Men

Men’s rings come in wide range of shapes and sizes. Most men’s rings are wider and bolder than women’s rings. The modern man may choose a ring made of titanium or stainless steel to really make a statement. Gold and Platinum are popular types of metal for more expensive men’s rings. Men’s rings are usually inscribed or molded with unusual decorations as well. There are some clubs which men belong to such as the Masons or the Elks that use rings with symbols on them to declare status or enrollment.

Jewelry for body piercing can be very simple or very bold. Most men will have a pierced ear with a simple gold or silver ring. There are also eyebrow rings, nose studs and rings, belly button rings and jewelry for other more risqué body piercing. The tendency for some men with piercing is to stretch the piercing so that they can insert jewelry with a bigger gauge and it looks bolder.

Men’s necklaces also come in many shapes and styles. Most men prefer to wear a necklace in dark or neutral colors that won’t stand out. Necklaces can be beaded or made of some natural substance like shells or glass. There are also gold and silver necklaces available for guys who want a little flash in their wardrobe.

Men’s jewelry is quickly growing in popularity and fashion. There are certainly other kinds of men’s jewelry beyond the types listed here and it’s available for any sense of style and taste a guy can come up with.

Titanium Ring Resizing

· Grade of Titanium

· Is it diamond set?

· Does it have a precious metal inlay?

· Does it need to go up or down in size.

Whilst it isn’t normally within the capabilities of a normal jeweller to do a quick resize, there is often various options that the manufacturer can take.

Grade 2 commercially pure Titanium is fairly ductile and will stretch and compress quite readily. If it has a precious metal inlay set into the outside it is probably better to take a skim out of the bore to make it bigger – stretching will normally cause the inlay to split. The amount of increase could be up to about two sizes. Compressing a ring with an inlay is usually OK for about one size. Compressing plain rings depends on the outside pattern. If it is patterned then the amount of force required to compress it will undoubtedly cause too much damage to repair the outer surface economically and so should be avoided. Plain domed or flat rings don’t present much of a problem.

Higher tensile grades of titanium, such as aircraft grade Ti/6Al/4V (or grade 5 as it is also known) will not stretch or compress. The only option with these is to increase the ring size slightly by remachining the bore larger.

About Dermabrasion Crystals

A lot of providers of dermabrasion crystals get their supply from industrial mineral processors. The mineral crystals are modified to qualify as dermabrasion crystals. The crystals are usually made from white aluminum oxide. The highest quality of dermabrasion crystals achieves 99.6 percent clarity. The crystal must not keep dust particles to avoid clogging the equipment used in dermabrasion processes.

If you are looking for reliable sources of dermabrasion crystals, or if you need to them in bulk, check out several online stores offering these products. You may want to browse through several sites to compare prices and services to get the best deal. Watch also for proper accreditation and quality checks on the product. The dermabrasion crystals you buy must be suited for dermatatological and clinical use.

Most good quality dermabrasion crystals cost $2.25 per pound. This may already include shipment and packaging costs. If bought at wholesale, the cost may go down. The supplier can arrange for convenient packaging of the crystals and shipment to your address. The dermabrasion crystals can be packed in any of the following containers available to the customer. Standard jars carry around two or four pounds and up to twelve and a half pounds of these crystals. The product can also come in standard pails that can accommodate 25 to 50 pounds of crystal per shipment. Large drums can contain up to 400 pounds. For bigger orders that reach 2,200 pounds, bulk bags are used.

Earn a Pretty Profit With Diamond Investing

Let’s now take a moment to talk about how your investments are affected when a company starts to suffer losses. Companies seeking money from investors usually do so when they are in a tight financial spot that requires them to seek financial help. They turn to the general public when looking for that financial assistance. In these types of situations, the investments made are often in the form of shares, investment bonds, or debentures, with the investor receiving a share of profits if the financial tide turns for the company. These investments are a loan of sorts, with the advantage to the company being that they do not need to pay interest. Each investor, or shareholder, receives dividends and profit share that is dependent on the type of contract signed at the time of the investment. In the case of diamond investing, the investor receives a diamond in return for giving money to the company. They do not receive any interest or profits from the company after that transaction, but they are free to sell the diamond for a profit when the value of diamonds on the open market is on the rise.

One of the great benefits of owning a diamond, besides the status and luxury of the gem, is that it will never see its value decrease, even in cases where the demand for diamonds decreases during a particular period. The supply and demand elements that so often drive the stock market are simply not in play with diamonds, making this investment one where you simply cannot lose. Given the status and luxury of diamonds, which are very often held by kings and queens of many different countries, your investment will be one that is very wise indeed.

The diamond market never experiences a decrease in value. One thing to be aware of is that there are two kinds of diamonds out there: miners across the world dig for natural diamonds, but there are also some synthetic varieties that are hand-made in a laboratory, with the synthetic diamonds often on the market alongside the natural stones, which can help drive inflation. Diamond companies fall under the category of either a public or private limited company, with that distinction usually dependent upon the part of the world where the company resides. Some companies also fall into the semi-government category, which is where the company is owned in part by the government and in part by the residents of the country.

Jewelry Styles Histories

In the beginning, Victorian jewelry purer 18-22 karat gold. In 1854, gold was standardized and had 9, 12 or 15 karats. It had to be stamped and hallmarked. The other metals used if not gold were electric gilt, mercury gilt, pinchbeck and silver.

The design of Victorian jewelry came from nature. Birds, flowers and trees with detailed engravings. Repousse were large solid pieces that had fluted and raised edges. Cannatille jewelry used strands of gold wire that were twisted and wound into intricate designs.

Near the end of the Victorian era, Egypt, Greece and Italy styles had big influences in design. This was because of archaeological expeditions that uncovered lots of ancient jewelry.

When Queen Victoria died, new jewelry designs rushed into the market. Because of the conservatism, jewelers could not push the boundaries of design while she was still alive. This surge in techniques of manufacturing and design eventually brought about the art nouveau period.

Art nouveau jewelry was expressive, exotic and exuberant. They say the appreciation of it may take time and art nouveau means “new art” in French. Imaginative and mystical jewelry, art nouveau was from 1890-1910.

With pale colors and gentle curves, art nouveau jewelry used amethyst, moonstone, peridot, opal, citrine and pearls. Copper, ivory, shell, horn and glass were also used.

Flowers like lilies, irises, orchids, bugs and animals, even human forms were put into the designs. Mythical beats or enchanted women were common. Enameling was used throughout the art nouveau period.

The Edwardian period was from 1901-1910. The period that many have not heard of because of the two great periods before,(art nouveau) and after(art deco).

Diamonds were a staple of Edwardian jewelry. They were made to look delicate to be able to blend in with lace, feathers and silk. Princess Alexandra had a huge impact on the periods fashion. In this period jeweler’s progressed in gemstone cutting. Platinum was used a lot and sometimes made to look like hand made lace.

Art deco is a style that relates to 1920’s-1930’s, which ended about 1935. The Art deco movement was mainly an American thing. The style of jewelry had strong lines, bright contrasts of color, geometric shapes, they also used bakelite. Symmetry and geometry were at the center of art deco.

Influences in the design of the jewelry were Japanese, Paris, the machine age, Egyptian, jazz, cubism and Russian. Also art deco was influenced by the art nouveau and Edwardian periods. Taking the style and grace from art nouveau, diamonds and platinum from Edwardian and turning them into a geometric, symmetrical array of diamonds and platinum.

Art deco had great vibrant colors, sapphires, emeralds, coral, rubies and turquoise were heavily used. Black and white was also used a lot. Cocktail rings, long pendants, brooches and bangle bracelets were all the rage.

Cigarette cases and compacts of the time were covered in jewels. The movement of art deco halted because of WWII and the depression.

The 1930’s and 1940’s brought about the retro period. Large gemstones were being used. Topaz, citrine and aquamarine were popular. Even synthetics were starting to become popular. Platinum was replaced by rose gold.

Today everything from vintage jewelry to simple elegance is in. Going back to the old stuff and mixing it in with new pieces and designs.

Information of Diamond Stud Earrings

Diamonds are known as the most costly gem used in all types of accessories such as pendants, necklaces, rings, and earrings. Diamond earrings commonly come in the form of simple yet exquisitely crafted studs. Diamond imitations are good choices for everyday use since wearing a real diamond can involve great risk. Commonly used for imitations are glass and other types of crystals, which can be polished and cut in such a way to resemble a real diamond.

Real diamond buyers must be careful in choosing the best type that will match the high cost that they are willing to pay. It is preferable to seek help from an expert in choosing and buying. Diamond stud earrings can have a higher value compared with other gems, but it depends on the color, cut, clarity, and carat. Color refers to the tone, which may affect the brightness of the light reflected. Generally, colorless diamonds can reflect more light and, thus, are more brilliant than colored ones. More brilliance and brightness commands higher value.

Cut refers to the proportion of the sides and facts which is also a factor in enhancing the brightness and brilliance of the stone. Clarity requires a clear eye to see the inclusions that can affect the beauty of the stone. It is not actually visible to the naked eye of an ordinary buyer. Therefore, it is better to seek help from an expert.

And the carat? It is the measure of the diamond’s weight. A bigger and heavier diamond doesn’t necessarily mean a higher price since other factors are also considered, including those mentioned.